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XIX ,

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Ha ao-o ae coe pya epoecx ee, oopx a aeax, x pe ac, pac, aac, epac, oeac ocoo po co, yp oopoo ee eoo pee pocxoo cee (epoa, paae) ae, eoxooe pao aooa ey ea eeoo coa. oo peoaa, o I cee o . . ye cyecoa oepoec , apaepoac ocoeoc, oc ec oo cac a, o ooe copee cceae, aa eo pacac.

Coeopae pacacoo a ao cee ocec e, o eo coece ee oycoac pcy oo ey ee pa. Cao e x a ee coooy e pe. Ha oe ae pa pacacoo a oopec oooe cpoee coo, eee epecpoe pex oo a opao, o ce o aac ac. AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA

pacac cyecoa o cepe l cee . ., oa oope a e eea, paccec a opx eppox epao, Bocoo o-Bocoo Epo, aa ypaa c py c pyo. ao oocoxc py ee pooa paac opoao o pyx, popea oe yoe, paaece ecece ocoeoc o o y opaoa pocex o eoo a‑coa (paa).

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- : , ocoocaca e ee p oco oee pycc, ypac, eopycc, a ea pyccoo a ee oepe e ocoe e ceepooe opyccoe ape, .

Ec e opa ae a aee oee xo o-pyccoro ape, o ye o, a e ec e-o coecx, epxeepocx, epxeeccx, ypco-opocx, pacx, pco‑pcx, ycx, eex ococx oopo. Ha x, ec pcoa apy aeopecoo poocooo pea ae, ec ee eo c ooce coa oopa oex epee aceex yo.

Kaoe x ape xapaepyec eco o ocoeoc, oop cea oo ya ceepopyca opyca. Hape caac a poe ecox coe, a aao x oppo oocc oxe Keco Pyc.

O peex aex e, c oopx aaoc opaoae oo ceepoo ape pyccoo a, o pooee eeoo ya [γ] (ooo x) a ece poo []: [γ] ooa, [γ] po, [γ] yu, o[γ] o, op[γ] a p o ec [] epeyec a oe coa c []: no-py[] a py[], o[] a o[], py [] py []), o [γ] epeyec c [x]: nopy [γ] a py [x], [γ] a o [x], py [γ] py[x]. Xopoo eca ocoa: Cap py ye ox yx. Boa a ocoa opycco cpee, e coa py[x] y[x] coca oy py.

ee o apooc XIXII . e‑o a epoco ee, a ae poo cocee Kecy Pacy e, oceeo axaa ce oe oe eppop. pooee eeoo ya a ece poo [] coceo ceac e oo oy ape, o ypacoy eopyccoy a.

Cey ee, e oe aoe aee oppoa pyccx ape, o aae. Boo oo, a ca oe yee, oe XII epo ooe XIII . epoaaa oac e pacpocpae acce epxe cpee O eypee O Cea, . e. copeee Kypca, Opoca, Tyca Paca oac. Boa oo e, oceeo pacpocpac a eep, axaa Coece ooe e ( XIVXV .), ae oca poa cocy e ocay eppop copeeo eopyc. oope Moc aae yepoc c XVI . ceepy o pa aa pooao coxpac oae. paa ooo oa ceac o ee coaae c pae ceepoo ape.

Ee oa pa opycca epa ooae e poeo aee eceoo ca cyecex 1‑ coe. y aey epy opaae oa a opycco eppop eca ooopa ooo ye c xe a ye. Ocoeoc a poaa pae ococoe pocopee. epoaao pea ycoo poaa cxax Oe oop ecoy:

epax y O e

Ka y Baoo aoe:

Kpya, paca o oa,

Ka a ya ya

Ha o yo eocoe

epaypo e pao y ao y oee e y cpoy.

Ho oe ooopaoa pacpocpac e oo c a. C ceepx eppop oao cpeoe ee ox o.

Ec cope peee a pycco ceoc XI XII ., o oo oapy aoe op o ece, ce, epu, ou oy, e, xo 3‑ e eceoo oece . . XIII [] . XIV - . .

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