Времена группы Simple

Примеры: I’ll go to the club tomorrow. - Я пойду завтра в клуб. They will work in 10 minutes. - Они будут работать через 10 минут.

Образование вопросительных предложений в Future Simple.

Образуются с помощью вспомогательных глаголов shall /will.

Порядок слов в специальном вопросе: вопросительное слово + shall /will + подлежащее + сказуемое +?

Если вопрос общий, то вопросительное

слово не применяется, но порядок слов тот же.

Примеры: Where will he work? - Где он будет работать? Will you read it? - Вы будете читать это?

Образование отрицательных предложений в Future Simple.

Образование отрицательных предложений происходит с помощью тех же вспомогательных глаголов. После вспомогательного глагола ставится частица not.

Примеры: He will not (won’t) read it. - Он не будет читать это. I shall not (shan’t) read it. - Я не буду читать это.

Обращаем внимание на редуцированные (сокращённые) формы вспомогательных глаголов с частицей not: will not = won’t; shall not = shan’t.

The Russian Federation

The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It occupies about one-seventh of the earth's surface. It covers the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia. Its total area is about 17 million square kilometres. The country is washed by 12 seas of 3 oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic. In the south Russia borders on China, Mongolia, Korea, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Azerbaijan. In the west it borders on Norway, Finland, the Baltic States, Belorussia, the Ukraine. It also has a sea-borders with the USA.

There is hardly a country in the world where such a variety of scenery and vegetation can be found. We have steppes in the south, plains and forests in the midland, tundra and taiga in the nirth, highlands and deserts in the east.

There are two great plains in Russia: the Great Russian Plain and the West Siberian Lowland. There are several mountains chains on the territory of the country: the Urals, the Caucasus, the Altai and others. The largest mountain chain, the Urals, separates Europe from Asia.

There are over two million rivers in Russia. Europe's biggest river, the Volga, flows into the Caspian Sea. The main Siberian rivers - the Ob, the Yenisei and the Lena - flow from the south to the north. The Amur in the Far East flows into the Pacific Ocean.

Russia is reach in beautiful lakes. The world's deepest lake is Lake Baikal. It is much smaller than the Baltic Sea, but there is much more water in it than in the Baltic Sea. The water in the lake is so clear that if you look down you can count the stones on the bottom.

Russia has one-sixth of the world's forests. They are concentrated in the European north of the country, in Syberia and in the Far East.

On the vast territory of the country there are various types of climate, from arctic in the north to subtropical in the south. In the middle of the country the climate is temperate and continental.

Russia is very reach in oil, iron ore, natural gas, copper, nickel and other mineral resources.

Russia is a parliamentary republic. The Head of State is the President. The legislative powers are exercised by the Duma.

The capital of Russia is Moscow. It is its largest political, scientific, cultural and industrial centre. It's one of the oldest Russian cities.

At present, the political and economic situationn in the country is rather complicated. There are a lot of problems in the national economy of the Russian Federation. The industrial production is decreasing. The prices are constantly rising, the rate of inflation is very high. People are losing their jobs because many factories and plants are going bankrupt.

But in spite of the problems Russia is facing at present, there are a lot of opportunities for this country to become one of the leading countries in the world. I'm sure that we, the younger generation, can do very much to make Russia as strong and powerful as it used to be.

Отрывок текста по изучаемой специальности

Finance and the credit.

The purpose of preparation of experts in the field of the finance and the credit consists in formation at students of professional skills in sphere of the organization and functioning of bank system, insurance, taxes and the taxation, management of the finance of firm.

The economist on a speciality "the Finance and the credit" should be prepared for professional work in financial bodies of federal, regional and municipal levels; banks, stock exchanges, the insurance companies, investment funds, economic services of the enterprises and the organizations of all patterns of ownership, on the posts demanding the maximum economic formation.

The speciality "the Finance and the credit" gives a complex of knowledge in the field of the state and municipal finance, bank and insurance business, monetary circulation, financial management, a securities market, taxes and the taxation. The speciality assumes studying processes of formation and execution of budgets of different levels, the mechanism of management of a public debt, functioning of unappropriated funds; the order of planning, the account and the reporting at the enterprises, in the organizations, establishments; the organizations and managements of monetary streams of the enterprises, investment activity of managing subjects; features of the organization of the finance of the enterprises and the organizations; bank and insurance business.

Professional work of the expert is carried out in all spheres of a national economy and directed on service of enterprise activity of the enterprises of various patterns of ownership, spheres of the state budget and unappropriated structures. Objects of professional work of the expert are the property, external obligations, own capital, incomes, charges and financial results from the basic эксплутационной and commercial activity, and also financial and investment activity of the organizations.

The main task of a speciality is preparation of the highly professional experts capable effectively to work in conditions of market economy in view of specificity of modern position of Russia.

Финансы и кредит.

Цель подготовки специалистов в области финансов и кредита заключается в формировании у студентов профессиональных навыков в сфере организации и функционирования банковской системы, страхования, налогов и налогообложения, управления финансами фирмы.

Экономист по специальности "Финансы и кредит" должен быть подготовлен к профессиональной работе в финансовых органах федерального, регионального и муниципального уровней; банках, биржах, страховых компаниях, инвестиционных фондах, экономических службах предприятий и организаций всех форм собственности, на должностях, требующих высшего экономического образования.

Специальность "Финансы и кредит" дает комплекс знаний в области государственных и муниципальных финансов, банковского и страхового дела, денежного обращения, финансового менеджмента, рынка ценных бумаг, налогов и налогообложения. Специальность предполагает изучение процессов формирования и исполнения бюджетов разных уровней, механизма управления государственным долгом, функционирования внебюджетных фондов; порядка планирования, учета и отчетности на предприятиях, в организациях, учреждениях; организации и управления денежными потоками предприятий, инвестиционной деятельности хозяйствующих субъектов; особенностей организации финансов предприятий и организаций; банковского и страхового дела.

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